The Scottish Government has the devolved power to set certain tax rates, principally income tax and land transaction tax (equivalent to SDLT in England and Wales). Although it proposes to freeze the basic, higher and additional rates at 20%, 40% and 45% respectively, the thresholds will not be the same as the rest of the UK.
The higher rate income tax threshold will increase by inflation to £43,430 in 2017/18. Whereas the higher rate threshold for the rest of the UK will be £45,000.
Scottish income tax applies to Scottish taxpayers who are UK resident but who live for most of the year in Scotland. Where they work is irrelevant but workers who live in Scotland are liable to Scottish income tax on their non-savings income. If you employ staff who live in Scotland they should have a special PAYE code so that the correct tax is deducted. This will be particularly important when there is a lower, higher rate threshold in Scotland.
On the land and buildings transaction tax (LBTT), the equivalent of stamp duty land tax in the rest of the UK, rates have been kept on hold for 2017/18 at their current 2016/17 levels.